West versus East. Sea against land. The new “war of the worlds” that will shock the planet

We have already had the opportunity to note how today’s geopolitical developments have led, de facto, to a new hegemonic attempt by emerging powers (China and Russia) against those that still hold world power today, namely the USA and Great Britain (https://www.geopolitika.it/en/the-challenge-to-anglo-saxon-thalassocracy-and-the-chinese-hegemonic-attempt/). There is a confrontation taking place which is therefore very different from that which developed during the Cold War (which was the result of geopolitical balances which developed after the last German hegemonic attempt during the Second World War). In the Cold War period, the ideological, geopolitical and geostrategic confrontation never degenerated into open war. Nor did the USSR ever represent a truly formidable economic and geopolitical rival. Its economic system was too fragile (even if, in some ways, fairer than the Western one based, in its most advanced version i.e. the USA one, on a sort of social Darwinism which, in fact, rewarded the strongest and most abandoned the weakest members of society to themselves). And the wealth it produces is too little. If we then add the dependence of the Soviet economy on the export of raw materials, it becomes clear that economically the USSR, understood as a geopolitical entity, was too fragile to launch a real hegemonic attempt against the West. In a long-term confrontation with Washington and London, the Soviet Union had no chance of emerging victorious against the Anglo-Saxon empire. This is also because with the world economic order decided in 1944 at Bretton Woods (from which the Soviet bloc remained outside) the Anglo-Saxon financial oligarchy created a formidable model to subjugate half the world and to finance itself infinitely (i.e. to draw on resources of others and finance and prosper through them). This was possible thanks to the role of the dollar as a reserve currency (gold backing until 1971 when De Gaulle demanded the return to France of the French gold “held” in the USA) thanks to which the third world countries collected the proceeds in dollars deriving from the sale of their raw materials and invested these proceeds in US government bonds (thus financing the US war and state machine). Furthermore, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank were created. Institutions that financed and still finance projects all over the world (provided that the political and geopolitical direction of the countries involved is compliant and functional to the wishes of the Anglo-Saxon establishment) with programs for the repayment of the debt contracted by the various countries which the debtors often do not they manage to satisfy (thus effectively becoming dependent and vassals of Western countries). This economic system remained unchanged until the first decade of the 21st century when an alternative project to the one proposed and imposed by the West since 1944 took shape in Moscow and Beijing. Ergo, it was decided to overcome the world order emerged after the Second World War and therefore the question of overcoming Anglo-Saxon domination over the world arose. This geopolitical and geoeconomic perspective is very different from that of the USSR and Mao’s China. Who envisioned a different world in which wealth was distributed more fairly. And in which the capitalist model was profoundly reformed based on these expectations. However, the USSR and the People’s Republic of China were never able to threaten the status of the dollar as the currency of world trade and were never able to establish financial institutions that threatened the role of the World Bank and the IMF (i.e. the heart of Anglo-Saxon economic power). Today, however, they are doing so by posing a potentially deadly challenge to Anglo-Saxon hegemony over the world. They are doing so by actively encouraging the use of their national currencies in trade with their trading partners and by encouraging the creation of institutions similar and equivalent to the IMF and the World Bank. For this purpose, the new development bank was created with the specific intention of financing economic-infrastructural projects not only in the BRICS countries but also in the countries of the southern hemisphere that request it (and which would therefore find themselves in the condition of no longer having to draw on Western resources with all the consequences that these entail).If we then think about the various cartels that are taking shape in the raw materials market (think of Saudi Arabia which has become increasingly closer to Russia in recent years in order to keep the price of oil artificially high) and the challenge that Moscow and Beijing are launching on the seas of the world (and therefore on the control of the most important commercial maritime routes on the planet) with the construction of a powerful maritime fleet (the Chinese one) and submarine fleet (the Russian one) makes us realize I take into account how China and Russia are now on the verge of redefining the geopolitical and geoeconomic balances throughout the world. In short, they are attacking the economic and military power of the Anglo-Saxon empire at the heart. Just like Germany in the first half of the 20th century. It’s an all-out attack. And if it succeeded it would be fatal for Washington and London. This explains the state of the art of global geopolitical developments (which are all linked to these dynamics).


In the ongoing world war we recognize stereotypes that have already been widely tested throughout history, both past and recent. Of course, technological development has today made the various parts of the world much closer than they were in the past. And although the wealth of the Anglo-Saxon empire is today more financial (and parasitic) than purely commercial, as in the past, it still has its pivot today in possessing the most powerful military fleet in the world (and which guarantees it a power projection to every corner of the globe). In the current clash we see, once again, a conflict between the sea and the land, between marine powers and land powers. As already happened between Athens and Sparta, Rome and Carthage, England against the newly formed Germany in the first half of the 20th century. Of course, technological development has today allowed Beijing and Moscow an economic and military expansion much greater than in the past and much beyond their “regional borders” (decreeing, de facto, a global role and no longer a regional and continental one). The development of a powerful surface and submarine fleet has not only alarmed the Anglo-Saxon establishment but has also raised the question of how effective Anglo-Saxon dominion over the world’s seas is. Also considering the Russian missile technological development based on the revolutionary hypersonic technology which led to the creation of “aircraft carrier killers” missiles against which, at the moment, there are no countermeasures in the field. The confrontation therefore, even on the seas, could be very problematic for the Anglo-Saxon fleet and never before have the power of the thalassocratic powers and that of the “terrestrial” powers “interpenetrated” each other in such a strong way. So much so that we need to refer to a direct comparison to understand how much the Anglo-Saxon empire is still effectively thalassocratic and how much the Sino-Russian power is still an exclusively terrestrial and continental power. What is certain is that the two powers today appear much more undefined and “interpenetrated” than in the past, also thanks to a military technological development that raises important questions in the context of the geopolitical and geostrategic balances in the making in the world. Only on the basis of the development of the latter will it be possible to give a more exhaustive answer to this question.


The date of February 24, 2022 is not only the date of the start of the war in Ukraine. More than anything else, it represented the positioning of Moscow (and, consequently, Beijing) outside the Anglo-Saxon-led world order. In summary, contrary to the wishes and dictates of Washington and London, Russia has sent to hell the world order that had been brutally imposed on it after the bankruptcy of the USSR and which, ultimately, had always been too tight for it. This is the reality of the facts. And the ongoing African and Middle Eastern conflicts must also be traced back to this reality. And those, quite probable, that could soon take shape in the Far East. The war confrontation between East and West is the real drama that the entire global geopolitical dynamic must and will have to deal with in the coming years. It won’t be a walk in the park. Rather, it will be a sort of war of the worlds (or, if you like, of civilizations) that will suck the entire planet into it. It is impossible to think that such a clash will not produce epochal upheavals and far-reaching social dramas. The historical significance of the event is very significant and we could compare it with that of the Second World War. We can only hope that the ongoing conflict continues to be confined within the “rules of chivalry” which are re-proposing very dated military strategies and methods of combat (as in the case of Ukraine). Otherwise there will be no winners or losers. But only ashes upon ashes.

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